BIOCHAR FROM GERMANY.

Carbonates from the pyrolysis of biochar have been used for various purposes for centuries – with the background of the CO2 problem, it is now a very topical issue again. Biochar has the potential to make a significant contribution against climate change.

biochar from germany

NATURE'S ALL-ROUNDER: BIOCHAR FROM GERMANY.

The concept of biochar originates from the combination of the usage of biomasses and the increase of carbon content through a thermal treatment step, e.g. pyrolysis. The coals thus differ significantly from fossil coal due to the formation process. Biochar has been produced specifically for centuries and used for various purposes.

Biochar is an extraordinarily environment friendly and highly promising product, which has been strongly requested day by day. Foremost among these are its usages as soil additive, as CO2 sequestration (capture and storage) of atmospheric carbon dioxide as climate-change benefits, as feed additive, as soil and water purification, and as nutrient storage. Biochar from Lausitz – an overview of its positive characteristics:

SOIL

Biochar combines soil improvement and soil fertility enhancement with long-term sequestration of CO2, thus reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

WATER

Biochar has positive effects on groundwater and water bodies by reducing the leaching of nutrients and fertilizers into groundwater.

THE ATMOSPHERE

Biochar can reduce the level of CO2 in the atmosphere by binding it in long term.

VEGETATION

Biochar shows specifically positive effects especially in soils with insufficient properties for plant growth; the increase in yield is 10% and higher.

WILDLIFE

Positive effects can also be seen in connection with (farm) animal husbandry. By using biochar, the request for antibiotics will be significantly less; biochar also binds moisture and pathogens away from the soil substrate, thus reducing the negative influence on the animals.

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of chemical compounds at high temperatures. In this process, substances are heated up to 1000 °C in the absence of air and oxygen. Compared to gasification or carbonization, less organic content will be destroyed. C-C and C-H bonds of the starting compounds are predominantly retained, but in altered structural composition, i.e. the long-chain and polymer molecules are broken down into shorter ones – a bond break is thus produced.

In the case of lignocellulosic biomass, temperatures of at least 250 °C are required to break the structures. An important factor affecting the biochar produced during pyrolysis and its properties is time. The properties of the resulting biochar during the pyrolysis process depend on the design of the pyrolysis reactor and the reaction parameters, as well as the biomass and its particle size, shape, structure and pH value. The decisive reaction parameters are the temperature or heating rate, the residence time in the reactor, catalysts and the pressure.

➥ Metallurgy (production of metallic raw products)

➥ Iron and steel industry (base material)

➥ Cement industry

➥ Composting

➥ Repair of recultivation areas

➥ Arable farming

➥ Bedding

➥ Feed additive/Animal feed

➥ Cascade use

Kommunen

Municipalities

➥ Recycle of municipal residues

➥ Promotion of regional agriculture

Forst und Landwirtschaft

Forestry & Agricultural Companies

➥ Increasing yields on cultivated areas

➥ Restoration/improvement of land areas

➥ Ecological soil cultivation

Rekultivierung

Recultivation Purposes

➥ Repair of recultivation land areas

➥ Improvement of soil quality

➥ Increase of utilization possibilities

Humus Buildup

Sanierung


Renovation of conversion areas

➥ Remediation by plowing in biochar as an alternative to conventional remediation.

Industrie

Industrial prospects

➥ Purchase of biochar for different applications

Düngemittelhersteller

Fertilizer manufacturer

➥ Increasing revenue by upgrading compost products

➥ Expansion of the product range